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What is Chlamydia?

Doctor Diagnoses Chlamydia

Chlamydia Diagnosis

What Causes Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is an STD caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is a very common sexually-transmitted disease that is often contracted in conjunction with gonorrhea.

How Can You Contract Chlamydia?

Chlamydia can be contracted by having oral, vaginal or anal sex with an infected person. It is spread through both heterosexual and homosexual sex. Men and women can contract the disease in the throat, the vagina, the penis and the anus. A person treated for chlamydia can be easily reinfected upon having sex with a partner who has not been treated.

Is Chlamydia Dangerous to Women?

Chlamydia is most dangerous to females.  The majority of women infected with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms. However, chlamydia can silently cause irreparable harm to their reproductive systems and render them sterile, even before they realize they are infected with the disease. Women who are reinfected with chlamydia are at even greater risk for long-term damage to their reproductive organs. About 15 percent of women infected with chlamydia develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which often leads to pregnancy outside the uterus or infertility. Regular testing for chlamydia for sexually active females is the only way to detect the disease so it can be treated. Sexually active females should have a chlamydia screening at least annually. Pregnant women should also have a chlamydia screening, as chlamydia can be passed from a mother to her child at birth.

Is Chlamydia Dangerous to Men?

Chlamydia seldom causes complications in men other than discharge from the penis, although it can cause epididymitis and, in rare cases, sterility. Researchers believe, however, that a person infected with chlamydia is more susceptible to contracting HIV from an infected partner than someone who does not have chlamydia.

What is the Treatment for Chlamydia?

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with either a single dose or seven-day regimen of antibiotics. For seven days after the single antibiotic dose or during the course of the seven-day regimen, an infected person should abstain from having sex with other people. Anyone infected with chlamydia should get a follow-up test about three months after being treated to ensure that the disease has been cured.

How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is known as a silent disease. The only way to make sure you aren’t infected with chlamydia is to get tested for it. If you go to your doctor for a chlamydia test that turns out positive, your doctor will report your name and other vital statistics to the state health department. Instead, you can get a truly anonymous chlamydia test by following the instructions in our Anonymous Guide to STD Testing.

How Common Is Chlamydia?

The CDC reports that medical professionals, who are required by law to report your name and other personal information to the state health department if you test positive for chlamydia, reported 500,000 people last year to state health departments for having a chlamydia infection. The CDC estimates that actual infection rates are much higher because some people take steps, such as those found in our free guide to anonymous chlamydia testing, and get an anonymous chlamydia test.

How Can I Find Out More Information About Chlamydia?

For more information about chlamydia, read the CDC Fact Sheet on the disease.

Video – What You Need to Know About Chlamydia

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Free HIV and AIDS Education Resources

HIV Bookmark provided by the CDC

You can download or order free HIV and AIDS educational resources for the workplace through the website for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention…. Click here to read full article ›

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What Are Crabs?

Crabs cause intense itching

Crabs cause intense itching

Crabs are small insects called lice. Unlike head lice that live in the hair on your head, crabs are pubic lice and live in your pubic hair. They attach themselves to the hair and to the skin in the public area.

How Common Are Crabs?

Pubic lice are extremely common. In fact, millions of people get  crabs every year.

How Can You Get Crabs?

When you have sex with someone who has crabs, it’s very easy to get  them. In rare cases, you can get crabs from dirty sheets, clothes, furniture or even a toilet seat that someone with crabs recently used. If you and a partner both have crabs and only one of you is treated, it’s very easy for the other to get crabs, even after treatment.

What Are the Symptoms of Crabs?

You might not experience symptoms for several days after having contracted crabs. However, after about five days, you’ll have intense itching in your genital area and your ass. You may experience a mild fever and be slightly irritated. Crabs lay eggs and multiply rapidly, and as the number of crabs increases, so will the intensity of the itching.

How Do I Know If I Have Crabs?

You’ll probably notice white egg sacs, called nits, and you might even see the insects in your public area. Take a magnifying glass and look for tiny, pale gray crabs and small clumps of white insect eggs near the roots of your hair. They might start spreading to other areas, including your underarm hair, eyelashes and eyebrows.

Can Crabs Be Treated?

Yes. There are even over-the-counter medicines available at the drug store that you can buy without a prescription. NIX and Rid are two popular brands of body lice treatment.

The medicine comes in a liquid form that you apply to your entire body. After about 15 minutes, you slowly add water, create a lather and shampoo your body with the medicine. Then you wash and shower thoroughly. You might need to comb your pubic hair with a small comb to remove any eggs that remain and could potentially hatch to reinfect you. You should also thoroughly was all your bedding, wash or dry clean all your clothes that might have been exposed and vacuum your home. Everyone who was exposed should be treated at the same time to avoid passing crabs back and forth.

While it’s unusual that you would need something stronger than the over-the-counter medicine, your doctor can prescribe something for you.

Know Your Status!

If you have crabs, it’s conceivable that you have been exposed to other sexually-transmitted diseases. Follow our guide to get a truly anonymous STD test and know your status!

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